For this post a wanted to start a series of women in architecture. And I saw fitting to begin with the one architect that has most influenced me throughout my career, Eileen Gray.
“Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray (9 August 1878 – 31 October 1976) was an Irish furniture designer and architect and a pioneer of the Modern Movement in architecture.” From the wikipedia page
Here you can watch a video called: “A brief introduction to Eileen Gray”
It is by no means the most complete one but it will give you a good general review on her life and works.
Here a link from a recent NYTimes article by Alice Rawsthorn
The Tortured History of Eileen Gray’s Modern Gem
And here the link to one of the best analysis made on the work of Gray (the sound in the video starts after 3 min, just wait a little bit it is worthwhile ):
As for her works I will show here one that is considered her best work and one of the most important examples of modern architecture. The E-1027 villa:
“E-1027 is a modernist villa in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. It was designed and built from 1926-29 by the Irish architect and furniture designer Eileen Gray. L-shaped and flat-roofed with floor-to-ceiling windows and a spiral stairway to the guest room, E-1027 was both open and compact. This is considered to be Gray’s first major work, making indistinct the border between architecture and decoration, and highly personalized to be in accord with the lifestyle of its intended occupants.” Description from the wikipedia page
Eileen Gray’s house E-1027 from The Royal Irish Academy: